FALKENHORST, Nikolaus von  
 
PERSONALIA
 
Name:  Falkenhorst, Nikolaus von
Date of birth: January 17th, 1885 (Breslau/Silesia, germany)
Date of death:  June 18th, 1968 (Holzminden/Lower Saxony, Germany)
Nationality:  German
BIOGRAPHY: 
Nikolaus von Falkenhorst was born January 17th, 1885 in Breslau, Silesia, Germany. He grew up in a family of Prussian military tradition. He took a military education and joined the army in 1903 as a cadet. He joined the General Staff as early as 1904. During WW 1 he served on the staff of various units. After WW 1 he left for Finnland to fight against Bolsjewism. 1920 he returned to Germany and was automatically taken up in the post-war Reichswehr. October 1st, 1932, he was promoted to Brigadeer and served as a military attaché in Prague, Belgrade and Bukarest between 1933 and 1935. After numerous promotions, he attained the rank of Lieuteant-general in 1937. At the start of WW 2, during the Polish campaign he commanded XXI Armee Korps (AK, Army Corps). Following the German invasion of Norway, July 19th, 1940, he was promoted to Generaloberst. From July 25th, 1940 onwards, he was formally named commander of OKH Norwegen (Supreme Army Command Norway). During operation Barbarossa, Von Falkenhorst and his Lapp Army were assigned a special task: they were to capture the city of Murmansk but in this, they did not succeed. After this failure, Von Falkenhorst returned to his post of commander of German forces in Norway. He held this post until he was fired for having openly criticised Reichskommissar Terboven. Von Falkenhorst was known as a ruthless commander. He peremptorily ordered British commandos who had been captured be turned over to the Gestapo for execution.
As he had always followed orders unquestioningly, he was sentenced to death by a military court in 1946. This sentence was later revised to 20 years imprisonment. He was released July 23rd, 1953, on grounds of ill health.
Nikolaus von Falkenhorst died in Holzminden, Germany, June 18th, 1968 at the age of 83.
     
EHRENKREUZ FÜR FRONTKÄMPFER
Awarded on: December 18th, 1934
 
     
SUOMEN VALKOISEN RUUSUN 1. LK:N KOMENTAJAMERKKI (SVR K1)
Awarded on: May 3rd, 1935
 
     
DIENSTAUSZEICHNUNG DER WEHRMACHT 4.KLASSE, 4 JAHRE
Awarded on: October 2nd, 1936
 
     
DIENSTAUSZEICHNUNG DER WEHRMACHT 3.KLASSE, 12 JAHRE
Awarded on: October 2nd, 1936
 
     
DIENSTAUSZEICHNUNG DER WEHRMACHT 2. KLASSE, 18 JAHRE
Awarded on: October 2nd, 1936
 
     
DIENSTAUSZEICHNUNG DER WEHRMACHT 1.KLASSE, 25 JAHRE
Awarded on: October 2nd, 1936
 
     
1939 SPANGE ZUM EISERNEN KREUZES 2ER KLASSE 1914
Rank: General der Infanterie (Lieutenant-general)
Unit: Kommandierender General XXI.Armeekorps (Commanding General XXI.Army-Corps)
Awarded on: September 19th, 1939
Details: Had already received the Iron Cross 2nd Class on September 16th 1914.
 
     
1939 SPANGE ZUM EISERNEN KREUZES 1ER KLASSE 1914
Rank: General der Infanterie (Lieutenant-general)
Unit: Kommandierender General des XXI.Armeekorps (Commanding General XXI.Army-Corps)
Awarded on: September 19th, 1939
Details: Had already received the Iron Cross 1st Class on June 27th 1915.
 
     
WEHRMACHTBERICHT
Awarded on: April 10th, 1940
 
     
RITTERKREUZ DES EISERNEN KREUZES
Rank: General der Infanterie
Unit: Kommandierender General XXI.Armee-Korps
Awarded on: April 30th, 1940
Details: 15th Award.
 
     
SUOMEN VALKOISEN RUUSUN SUURRISTI MIEKKOINEEN (SVR SR MK)
Action: Received in 1941
 
     
KRIEGSVERDIENSTKREUZ 2.KLASSE MIT SCHWERTERN
 
     
KRIEGSVERDIENSTKREUZ 1.KLASSE MIT SCHWERTERN
 
     
KRIEGSORDEN DES DEUTSCHEN KREUZES IN SILBER
Rank: Generaloberst
Unit: Wehrmachtbefehlshaber Norwegen
Awarded on: January 20th, 1945
 
 
 
  Provide alterations or additional information
Picture source:   - Wilco Vermeer
Information source(s):   - Die Ordensträger der Deutschen Wehrmacht (CD), VMD-Verlag GmbH, Osnabrück, 2002
- Kursietis A.J., The wehrmacht at war 1939-1945 the units and commanders
- Mitcham S.W., Hitler's Commanders, Lanham, MD, Scarborough, 1992
- Patzwall K., Scherzer V., Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941-1945, Geschichte und Inhaber Band II, Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall, Norderstedt, 2001, ISBN 3-931533-45-X
- Case No. 61, Trial of Generaloberst Nickolaus von Falkenhorst, Volume XI, Law Reports of Trials of War Criminals, United Nations War Crimes Commision, London, 1949
- Axis Biographical Research
   
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