PERSONALIA
 
Name:  Türke, Gerhard
Date of birth: May 1st, 1914 (Heinersdorf-Lebus/Brandenburg, Germany)
Date of death:  November 21st, 1991 (Gelsenkirchen/North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany)
Nationality:  German
BIOGRAPHY: 
Gerhard Türke was born May 1st, 1914 in Heinersdorf, Kreis Lebus. From 1934 onwards he studied in Frankfurt to become a teacher and he started teaching in a Volksschule (people’s school) from 1936 onwards.
October 17th, 1936, Türke fullfilled his mandatory militairy service in Infanterie Regiment 29 after which he continued teaching in 1938.
At the outbreak of WW 2 he was called up again and he participated in the campaign in the West. Together with his unit, he was deployed on the Eastern Front as part of the 6. Armee. In the vicinity of Stalingrad, he participated in the struggle with 3. Infanterie-Division (Motorisiert) and was named Chef of 3. Kompanie. Shortly before 6. Armee capitulated, he was promoted to Hauptmann der Reserve and flown out of the encirclement around Stalingrad. In Biarritz, France, he was named Kommandeur I.Battalion/Grenadier-Regiment 29 (Motorisiert) and deployed near Nettuno in Italy.
During the remainder of the war, he and his unit saw action on the Western Front until he, holding the rank of Major der Reserve, was made a POW in the Ruhr area.
After WW 2, Türke returned to teaching and on July 10th, 1957 he was named head master of a Hauptschule (High School) in Gelsenkirchen and held this post up to his retirement in 1979.
Gerhard Türke passed away on November 21st, 1991 in Gelsenkirchen.

Promotions:
1942: Oberleutnant der Reserve;
?: Hauptmann der Reserve;
?: Major der Reserve.
     
RITTERKREUZ DES EISERNEN KREUZES
Rank: Oberleutnant der Reserve (1st Lieutenant of Reserves)
Unit: Chef 3. / Infanterie-Regiment 29 (motorisiert) / 3. Infanterie-Division (motorisiert)
Awarded on: December 17th, 1942
Action: Dutch language summary available.
 
     
DEUTSCHES KREUZ IN GOLD
Rank: Hauptmann der Reserve (Captain of Reserves)
Unit: I. / Panzergrenadier-Regiment 29 (motorisiert)
Awarded on: December 22nd, 1944
 
     
EISERNES KREUZ 1. KLASSE
 
     
EISERNES KREUZ 2. KLASSE
 
     
NAHKAMPFSPANGE IN BRONZE
 
     
NAHKAMPFSPANGE IN SILBER
 
     
MEDAILLE "WINTERSCHLACHT IM OSTEN 1941/42" (OSTMEDAILLE)
 
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Picture source:   - Family photo via Horst Dobrunz
Information source(s):   - FELLGIEBEL, W.P., Elite of theThird Reich, Helion & Company Limited, Solihull, 2003.
- PATZWALL, K. & SCHERZER, V., Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941-1945, Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall, Norderstedt, 2001.
- Die Ordensträger der Deutschen Wehrmacht (CD), VMD-Verlag GmbH, Osnabrück, 2002
- Mitteilungsblatt FM, Heft 1, I/2007, Deutsches Wehrkundearchiv, Lage, 2007
- Family records
- Die Ritterkreuztraeger der Deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS
- Axis History Factbook
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